The energy sector which plays a key role in the competitiveness of the economy is undergoing deep changes to address climate change, decarbonisation in all sectors, and a transition to renewable energies.
From the NECP – National Energy and Climate Plan, the targets proposed by Portugal for 2030 with regard to energy and climate for carbon neutrality by 2050 require continued growth in investment in low-carbon technologies. The national programmes are planned to promote RD&I, which includes the following topics:
- “Smart energy management systems and new infrastructures with a view to enabling power transmission and distribution networks to handle scenarios of high renewable energy penetration in the energy mix;
- Energy storage, with a view to enabling the national energy system to handle scenarios of high renewable and intermittent energy penetration in the energy mix by integrating centralised or decentralised storage systems;
- Low-carbon technologies, seeking to promote technologies with low-carbon emissions which have the greatest innovation potential in accordance with that set out in the European Union SET Plan;
- Energy efficiency, with a view to the development and market dissemination of technologies that contribute to increased energy efficiency, particularly in industry and in buildings;
- Hydrogen as an energy vector, seeking to promote hydrogen as a stabilising element, considering its capacity for storage and energy transfer.”
The research line plans to work out four activities fully aligned with the NECP and European Union Green Deal, to decarbonise the economy strongly pushing for an urgent energy transition: Renewable Production, Energy-Efficiency in Industry and Buildings, Storage Systems, and Electric Mobility.